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Est-il normal d’avoir des règles épaisses et que faire ?
Cycle menstruel

Is it normal to have thick periods and what to do?

Menstruation is a natural phenomenon that most women experience every month, but it can vary considerably from one woman to another and even from one cycle to another. Among the different characteristics of periods, the consistency of the flow is sometimes a source of concern. Have you ever observed a flow more thick , even clotting , during your menstruation? If so, you probably asked questions about the normality of this situation and possible actions to take. In this article, we will explore the causes of thick periods , demystify some preconceived ideas and provide you with advice on how to approach this phenomenon with complete peace of mind. Good reading !

What is the “normal” consistency of periods?

First of all, it seems interesting to us to see together the notion of "normal rules" which is somewhat subjective, before tackling the subject of thick periods. Indeed, each person with a uterus is unique and may have different menstrual experiences. However, in general, a “normal” menstrual flow goes through several consistencies throughout the menstrual period.

The start of the period:

At the start of the menstrual cycle, some women may first notice very light bleeding, often referred to as by the term "spotting". This bleeding can vary in color from pink to light brown. Generally, As menstruation sets in, the flow intensifies, usually becoming a redder color lively and with a noticeably more liquid consistency.

The middle of the rules:

The middle of the menstrual cycle is characterized by the time when the flow is the most abundant. Shades of blood can vary between a bright red and a darker red, often accompanied by a consistency slightly thicker . For many menstruating people, it is not uncommon to observe presence of small clots , particularly during these days when the flow is at its maximum.

The end of the rules:

As the end of the period approaches, the flow often thickens , adopting a consistency viscous, even slimy. The color of this flow can evolve towards shades of brown, or even black. This darker color is usually a sign of older blood, taking longer to be evacuated from the uterus.

Small reminder: these developments are generalities. What is "normal" for a woman may not be normal for another one !

What are thick periods?

“Thick periods” refers to the consistency of the menstrual flow. There isn't really any "types" of thick rules, but rather characteristics or manifestations that can accompany menstrual periods thicker than normal. Here are some common manifestations associated with thick rules :

Blood clots:

The presence of clots in menstruation is quite common, especially during heavier flow days. abundant. These clots are usually small pieces of endometrial tissue that break off. If the clots are large or very numerous, this may indicate heavier bleeding than normal.

Dark and almost “lumpy” periods:

A darker color, such as burgundy or almost black, and a lumpy consistency may be a sign of heavy periods. This is often the result of slow flow, allowing blood to oxidize and thicken.

Abundant flow:

Although the amount of flow does not necessarily indicate its consistency, heavy flow can sometimes be accompanied by thicker periods.

What could be the causes?

A variety of factors can cause thicker periods . Let's see together which are they.

A hormonal imbalance:

Hormones, especially estrogen and progesterone, play a crucial role in the menstrual cycle. A Imbalance between these hormones can lead to changes in menstrual flow, including thickening of menstrual blood. For example, an excess of estrogen relative to progesterone can cause excessive proliferation of the endometrium (the lining of the uterus), leading to periods more abundant and thick.

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Uterine fibroids:

Fibroids are benign tumors, that is to say non-cancerous, which originate in the smooth muscle of the uterine wall. Their size, location and number can vary considerably from one to another. uterus to the other. When fibroids increase in size or number, they can put pressure on the uterine wall or disrupt the normal endometrial layer. This upset can lead to bleeding more abundant during menstruation . Additionally, the presence of fibroids may impair normal contractility from the uterus, which can slow down the discharge of menstrual blood. When the blood drains more slowly, it tends to coagulate, hence the formation of clots.

Endometriosis:

Endometriosis is a gynecological pathology characterized by the growth of tissue similar to the endometrium (the inner lining of the uterus) outside the uterus. This ectopic tissue can grow on the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and other pelvic organs, creating lesions or nodules. One of the direct consequences of this disease is chronic inflammation, which with each cycle menstrual period, causes pain and internal bleeding. This internal bleeding, combined with inflammation, can lead to more painful and heavier periods . Furthermore, the process inflammation and the presence of old blood can influence the consistency of the menstrual flow, giving it sometimes thicker texture and clots. It is essential to recognize these symptoms, because endometriosis, if not treated, can have consequences on fertility and quality of life of affected women.

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Endometrial polyps

Endometrial polyps are benign growths that develop from the inner lining of the uterus, known as the endometrium. Although they are usually noncancerous, these polyps can disrupt the menstrual cycle in various ways. Their presence can, for example, be the cause of irregular periods. Of Plus, they can promote heavier than normal periods. One of the reasons is that these polyps, by bleeding themselves or by irritating the uterine wall, increase the overall volume of bleeding. This increase in flow can, in turn, give rise to the formation of clots , particularly if the evacuation of blood is slowed. Monitoring of such symptoms is crucial, because, even if they are benign, it is sometimes necessary to eliminate these polyps to prevent possible complications.

Adenomyosis:

Adenomyos is a gynecological condition characterized by the proliferation of endometrial tissue, normally confined to the uterine cavity, within the muscular wall of the uterus, called myometrium. This abnormal infiltration causes often a thickening of the uterus . With each menstrual cycle, this ectopic tissue, just like the normal endometrium, responds to hormones by bleeding. However, being embedded deep in the wall muscle, this bleeding leads to inflammation and stretching of the uterus, causing pain intense menstrual periods. Additionally, the presence of this tissue inside the uterine muscle may contribute to a heavier menstrual flow , thus exacerbating painful symptoms. Recognize and treat adenomyosis is essential to improve the quality of life of affected women.

Age-related changes:

With time and the natural hormonal fluctuations associated with aging, a woman's menstrual cycle may undergo significant changes. In particular, during the pre-menopausal phase - this period of transition that precedes menopause - menstrual irregularities become common. This phase, which can spanning several years, is marked by changes in the levels of hormones like estrogen and progesterone. These fluctuations can lead to shorter menstrual cycles or longer menstrual cycles. long periods, unexpected bleeding or absence of menstruation for several months. Additionally, many women report heavier periods, or even bleeding with clots, making the menstrual flow heavier thick. These changes, although natural, can be a source of concern and discomfort. It is therefore essential to discuss it with a health professional to ensure appropriate follow-up and obtain advice on the management of these symptoms.

Medications and contraceptive devices:

The use of contraceptive drugs and devices plays a significant role in regulating the cycle menstrual. In particular, medications that alter hormonal balance, such as birth control pills, patches or hormonal injections, can influence the duration, frequency and consistency of rules. Likewise, intrauterine devices (IUDs), whether hormonal or copper, have a impact on menstrual flow . The hormonal IUD can reduce the amount of bleeding or even eliminate it completely, while the copper IUD can sometimes increase the abundance of bleeding and cause more painful periods.

A pregnancy or miscarriage:

Pregnancy causes profound hormonal changes in a woman's body, which can sometimes result in unusual symptoms or disturbances in the menstrual cycle. A miscarriage, in particular when it occurs very early in pregnancy, can go unnoticed. It can manifest itself in the form of a late menstrual cycle, more abundant and thicker than usual. Bleeding can contain clots or tissue fragments, which can be misinterpreted as menstruation particularly thick. Although it is natural to think of abnormal periods, these symptoms may actually be indicative of miscarriage. This is why it is crucial, in case of doubt or significant changes in the menstrual cycle, to consult a healthcare professional to clarify the situation and benefit from appropriate support.

Coagulation problems:

Coagulation is a complex process that allows blood to change from a liquid to a semi-solid state to stop bleeding. People with bleeding disorders have an imbalance in this mechanism, which can influence many aspects of their health, including the menstrual cycle. When blood does not clot adequately, there may be increased clot formation during rules. As a result, these people may experience a thicker menstrual flow, consisting more or larger clots than normal. These manifestations can not only be worrying, but also be associated with more painful or longer periods. Here again, facing such irregularities, it is important to consult a specialist for a complete evaluation and to obtain recommendations on treatment.

👉If you are concerned about the consistency of your period or if you notice significant changes, it is essential to consult a gynecologist or other health professional to obtain an accurate diagnosis and appropriate advice.

When to consult a doctor ?

As we just said, it is important to consult a doctor . Particularly if you observe a change in the consistency of your periods, in this case, thicker periods or the increased presence of clots. Be Listening to your body is vital and can save you a lot of inconvenience. Here are some situations where it would be wise to consult a doctor.

  • Period length and heavy flow: If your periods are not only thick, but also much more abundant than usual and last longer (for example, more than 7 days).
  • Severe pain: If you experience severe pelvic pain or cramping that are different or stronger than your usual menstrual cramps.
  • Unusual symptoms: If you notice other unusual symptoms, such as bleeding between periods, bleeding after sex, or symptoms of fatigue that could indicate anemia due to excessive blood loss.

What hygienic protection for thick periods?

If you have thick or heavy periods and are wondering which menstrual products to choose, here are some suitable hygienic protections that you could consider:

Menstrual panties for heavy flow:

Menstrual panties represent a major innovation in the world of periodic protection, offering comfortable and reliable option, especially for women with heavy flow. Designed like underwear classic, they integrate several layers of ultra-absorbent fabrics capable of retaining the equivalent of several tampons or napkins. They thus guarantee long-lasting protection , minimizing the risk of leaks and overflows. In addition to their great absorption capacity, their design without wings or adhesives offers unparalleled comfort, allowing freedom of movement while feeling protected. Ecological and economical, these panties can be washed and reused for several years, reducing thus considerably reducing the ecological footprint of menstruation. For women looking for a solution discreet, efficient and environmentally friendly, even during their most intense days, the panties menstrual periods are an essential option.

Sanitary napkins (disposable or reusable) for heavy flow:

Sanitary napkins are one of the most common means of protection used by women during their periods, especially in cases of heavy flow. Disposable pads for intense flow are equipped with high-performance absorbent layers that effectively trap blood , providing a sensation of safety and cleanliness. You will generally find them under the name “night” . Furthermore, they often have wings to better fit the panties and prevent side leaks. However, for women concerned about the environment and their well-being, reusable sanitary napkins are a sustainable alternative. Made from natural fabrics such as organic cotton, they are washable and can be reused for several years. Not only are they environmentally friendly, but they are also free of perfumes and chemicals often present in disposable versions and which can create irritation or allergies to the vulva.

Menstrual cup:

The menstrual cup, often called a "cup", is a revolution for many women, and particularly for those with heavy flow. Made of medical silicone, rubber or thermoplastic elastomer, this small flexible cup is inserted into the vagina to collect the menstrual flow. Its absorption capacity is impressive : a cup can contain several times the volume with a tampon or towel, providing protection for up to 12 hours , depending on the intensity of the rules. This means less hassle and frequent changes, even on the busiest days. intense. In addition to offering remarkable effectiveness against leaks, the menstrual cup is also economical and ecological. Reusable for several years, it represents a durable solution that limits waste. Its insertion requires a little time to adapt, but once mastered, the cut offers a sensation incomparable freedom and security during menstruation, even for the heaviest flows.

Buffers for heavy flow:

Heavy flow tampons are specially designed for women experiencing a period. particularly intense menstrual period. Made from absorbent materials high quality, these tampons offer reinforced protection and absorption capacity superior , thus minimizing the risk of leaks and overflows. Often classified as “super” or “super plus” , they adapt to the internal morphology to capture the flow as soon as it is emitted. It is essential to change them regularly, approximately every 4 to 8 hours, depending on the intensity of the flow, to guarantee optimal hygiene and reduce the risk of Toxic Shock Syndrome. For those who opt for more natural solutions, there are also organic tampons without products chemical, bleached without chlorine and made from 100% organic cotton , offering both safety and respect for the environment.

Fear of leaks? Pair two protections!

For those who fear leaks during their period , know that you are not alone and that there are solutions to reassure you. One of the effective strategies is to combine different means of protection. This "double protection" method not only gives you peace of mind, but also additional security. For example, the combination of menstrual panties and an organic tampon can offer the discretion and absorption of the tampon, while having the security of the panties in the event of overflow. Likewise, combine a menstrual cup with a small Sanitary napkin can be an excellent way to learn about using the cup, especially when first tests. The towel then acts as a safety net in the event of incorrect insertion of the cup. This combination not only makes it possible to manage abundant flows , but also to strengthen the self-confidence during this time of the month.

Having heavy periods does not necessarily mean a health problem! Just have them right actions, by listening to your body, by monitoring your symptoms, by choosing the right protection menstrual periods to ensure your comfort and above all by having you monitored by a health professional.

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